That is because, by 13th century AD, the Order administered an incredibly well-managed economic infrastructure throughout Christendom while also making innovations in early European banking systems.
Rise[ edit ] After Europeans in the First Crusade captured Jerusalem inmany Christians made pilgrimages to various sacred sites in the Holy Land. Although the city of Jerusalem was relatively secure under Christian control, the rest of Outremer was not.
Bandits and marauding highwaymen preyed upon pilgrims, who were routinely slaughtered, sometimes by the hundreds, as they attempted to make the journey from the coastline at Jaffa through to the interior of the Holy Land.
King Baldwin and Patriarch Warmund agreed to the request, probably at the Council of Nablus in Januaryand the king granted the Templars a headquarters in a wing of the royal palace on the Temple Mount in the captured Al-Aqsa Mosque.
Their emblem was of two knights riding on a single horse, emphasising the order's poverty. The Crusaders called it "the Temple of Solomon " and from this location derived their name of Templar.
The impoverished status of the Templars did not last long. Bernard put his weight behind them and wrote persuasively on their behalf in the letter 'In Praise of the New Knighthood',   and inat the Council of Troyeshe led a group of leading churchmen to officially approve and endorse the order on behalf of the church.
With this formal blessing, the Templars became a favoured charity throughout Christendomreceiving money, land, businesses, and noble-born sons from families who were eager to help with the fight in the Holy Land.
Another major benefit came inwhen Pope Innocent II 's papal bull Omne Datum Optimum exempted the order from obedience to local laws.
This ruling meant that the Templars could pass freely through all borders, were not required to pay any taxes, and were exempt from all authority except that of the pope. Templars were often the advance shock troops in key battles of the Crusades, as the heavily armoured knights on their warhorses would set out to charge at the enemy, ahead of the main army bodies, in an attempt to break opposition lines.
One of their most famous victories was in during the Battle of Montgisardwhere some Templar knights helped several thousand infantry to defeat Saladin 's army of more than 26, soldiers. He is thus doubly armed, and need fear neither demons nor men. The others acted in support positions to assist the knights and to manage the financial infrastructure.
The Templar Order, though its members were sworn to individual poverty, was given control of wealth beyond direct donations. A nobleman who was interested in participating in the Crusades might place all his assets under Templar management while he was away.
Accumulating wealth in this manner throughout Christendom and the Outremer, the order in began generating letters of credit for pilgrims journeying to the Holy Land: This innovative arrangement was an early form of banking and may have been the first formal system to support the use of cheques ; it improved the safety of pilgrims by making them less attractive targets for thieves, and also contributed to the Templar coffers.
They acquired large tracts of land, both in Europe and the Middle East; they bought and managed farms and vineyards; they built massive stone cathedrals and castles; they were involved in manufacturing, import and export; they had their own fleet of ships; and at one point they even owned the entire island of Cyprus.
The Order of the Knights Templar arguably qualifies as the world's first multinational corporation. The Muslim world had become more united under effective leaders such as Saladin.
Dissension arose among Christian factions in and concerning the Holy Land.In the order was recognised by the church and began to receive both funding and new members from rich families across Europe.
As well as being soldiers the Knights Templar also set up a bank for pilgrims and crusaders travelling to the holy land and the order's wealth and influence quickly grew. Friday the 13th the game of chess the banking system What do these things have in common?
History of the Knights Templar, how they became the most powerful organization in medieval Europe and how these fighting monks came to be named Templar. Discover the KniLocation: Meadow View Drive Phoenix, OR, United States. Welcome to the Knights Templar “OSMTJ Grand Priory of America” (OSMTJ = Ordre Souverain et Militaire du Temple de Jérusalem).
The Knights Templar are a Christian (Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox) fraternal and chivalric Order. Our Order has no Masonic or political affiliations.
The original nine Knights Templar were either born into or related to the Rex Deus families, as was Godfrey de Boullion, the French general who led them against the Saracens during the First Crusade.
Our primary aim is to promote the Knights Templar City of Tomar, and the Knights Templar region of Portugal. The Knights Templar Region contains some of the most intact and important Knights Templar sites in the world.
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