Effect of birth control pills

Intermenstrual spotting Breakthrough vaginal bleeding is common between expected periods.

Effect of birth control pills

In fact, they can even be used to help treat other health concerns such as menstrual relief, skin changes, and more.

As with all drugs, there are beneficial effects and potential risks that affect everyone differently. Share on Pinterest Birth control pills and patches are dispensed only with a prescription.

Birth control pill: Side effects, risks, alternatives, and the shot

Hormone-based contraceptives are available in many forms, including: The pill must be taken every day to prevent pregnancy. The patch also contains estrogen and progestin, but is placed on the skin.

Patches must be changed once a week for full effect. Similar to the patch and pill, the ring also releases estrogen and progestin into the body. The ring is worn inside the vagina so that the vaginal lining can absorb the hormones.

Rings must be replaced once a month. According to Options for Sexual Health, the effects of the birth control shot can last up to a year after you stop taking it.

In ones that release hormones, they can contain progesterone. The implant contains progestin that releases through the thin rod into your arm.

It lasts for up to three years. Each type has similar benefits and risks, although how the body responds is up to each individual.

Effectiveness is based on how consistent your birth control use is. For example, some people find it difficult to remember to take a pill every day so an implant or IUD would be a better choice. There are also nonhormonal birth control choiceswhich may have different side effects. If the pill is used perfectly — defined as being taken every single day at the same time — the rate of unplanned pregnancy falls to only one percent.

Skipping your pill for one day, for example, will increase your risk for pregnancy. However, no form of hormonal birth control protects against sexually transmitted diseases STDs.

Reproductive system Ovaries naturally produce the female hormones estrogen and progestin. Either of these hormones can be synthetically made and used in contraceptives. Higher than normal levels of estrogen and progestin stop the ovary from releasing an egg.

Without an egg, sperm have nothing to fertilize. The progestin also changes the cervical mucus, making it thick and sticky, which makes it harder for sperm to find its way into the uterus. When using certain hormonal contraceptives such as the IUD Mirena, you might experience lighter and shorter periods and an easing of menstrual cramps and premenstrual symptoms.

These effects are among the reasons why some women take birth control specifically for premenstrual dysphoric disorder PMDDa serious form of PMS. Some women with endometriosis also take birth control to ease painful symptoms. Using hormone-based contraceptives can even decrease your risk of endometrial and ovarian cancer.

The longer you take them, the lower your risk becomes.

Side Effects of Birth Control Pills

These therapies may also offer some protection from noncancerous breast or ovarian growths. However, controversy remains regarding the possibility that hormonal contraceptives may somewhat increase the risk of breast cancer.

When you stop taking hormone-based birth control, your menstrual period will likely go back to normal within a few months.Birth control today is still far from perfect, but many rightly contend that access to the pill was the match that lit the fire of women’s liberation that is still burning today.

Types of Birth Control Pills (Oral Contraceptive) There are dozens of different brands of birth control pills, with most falling into one of two categories: combined pills or progestin-only pills.

Combined birth control pills: As the name implies, combine pill birth control medications contain more than one type of . Birth control pills that contain drospirenone, including YAZ and Yasmin, have been investigated by the FDA because of the possibility that they may cause an increased risk for blood clots.

Birth control pills can be an effective way of preventing an unwanted pregnancy. They can also ease period pains and help with acne, but they may also have some undesirable side effects. Biphasic birth control pills deliver the same amount of estrogen every day for the first 21 days of the cycle.

Effect of birth control pills

During the first half of the cycle, the progestin/estrogen ratio is lower to allow the lining of the uterus (endometrium) to thicken as it normally does during the menstrual cycle. The side effects of stopping birth control pills are different for each person, just like the side effects of using them.

The hormones in the pill leave your body in a few days. That means any side effects you experienced while using it will go away pretty quickly.

Birth Control Pills: Dangers, Side Effects & Alternatives - Dr. Axe