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Some of the major problems of urbanisation in India are 1. Slums and Squatter Settlements 6. Problem of Urban Pollution! JPG Although India is one of the less urbanized countries of the world with only Whereas urbanisation Major environmental problems essay been an instrument of economic, social and political progress, it has led to serious socio-economic problems.
The sheer magnitude of the urban population, haphazard and unplanned growth of urban areas, and a desperate lack of infrastructure are the main causes of such a situation.
The rapid growth of urban population both natural and through migration, has put heavy pressure on public utilities like housing, sanitation, transport, water, electricity, health, education and so on. Poverty, unemployment and under employment among the rural immigrants, beggary, thefts, dacoities, burglaries and other social evils are on rampage.
Urban sprawl is rapidly encroaching the precious agricultural land. The urban population of India had already crossed the million mark by Following problems need to be highlighted.
Urban sprawl or real expansion of the cities, both in population and geographical area, of rapidly growing cities is the root cause of urban problems. In most cities the economic base is incapable of dealing with the problems created by their excessive size.
Massive immigration from rural areas as well as from small towns into big cities has taken place almost consistently; thereby adding to the size of cities.
Later, during the decadeanother a million persons moved to urban places in response to wartime industrialisation and partition of the country in Duringwell over 20 million people migrated to cities. The greatest pressure of the immigrating population has been felt in the central districts of the city the old city where the immigrants flock to their relatives and friends before they search for housing.
Incidentally many of the fastest growing urban centres are large cities. This is due to the fact that such large cities act as magnets and attract large number of immigrants by dint of their employment opportunities and modern way of life.
Such hyperurbanisation leads to projected cities sizes of which defy imagination. Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, etc.
In several big cities wealthy people are constantly moving from the crowded centres of the cities to the more pleasant suburbs where they can build larger houses and enjoy the space and privacy of a garden around the house.
In some cities, the outskirts are also added to by squatters who build makeshift shacks of unused land although they have no legal right to the land.
The difficulty of restricting town growth in either case is immense and most towns and cities are surrounded by wide rings of suburbs. Historically suburbs have grown first along the major roads leading into the town. This type of growth is known as ribbon settlement.
Such sites are first to be developed because of their location near the road gives them greater accessibility. But soon the demand for suburban homes causes the land between ribbon settlements to be built and made accessible by constructing new roads.
Simultaneously small towns and villages within the commuting distance of major cities are also developed for residential purposes. In this way towns are continuously growing and in some areas the suburbs of a number of neighbouring towns may be so close together as to form an almost continuous urban belt which is called conurbation.
Urban sprawl is taking place at the cost of valuable agricultural land. Overcrowding is a situation in which too many people live in too little space. Overcrowding is a logical consequence of over-population in urban areas.
It is naturally expected that cities having a large size of population squeezed in a small space must suffer from overcrowding.
This is well exhibited by almost all the big cities of India. For example, Mumbai has one-sixth of an acre open space per thousand populations though four acre is suggested standard by the Master Plan of Greater Mumbai. Absolute in the sense that these cities have a real high density of population; relative in the sense that even if the densities are not very high the problem of providing services and other facilities to the city dwellers makes it so.
Delhi has a population density of 9, persons per sq km Census which is the highest in India. This is the overall population density for the Union territory of Delhi.Major environmental problems Environmental degradation is a controversial issue of the last and new centuries.
Because human activities increased with the developing technology since the last century, human effects on the environment have increased. Choose from more than undergraduate and graduate majors at Appalachian State University, located in North Carolina’s Blue Ridge Mountains.
Major Environmental Issues facing Zimbabwe Zimbabwe is the second most industrialized country in SADC, after South Africa. Industries are concentrated around Harare, with ore smelters located close to the ore sources (principally along the Great Dyke).
Summarize the major environmental problems facing California in the coming decades.
What are the prospects that Californians will be able to deal with them successfully? Write no more than words, and use the book Bean, Walton and James Rawls.
California: An Interpretive History, New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 7. Environmental Problem Essay Psychology and Environmental Factors - Words.
of pressure include a lot of ways and circumstances. Firstly, many of external environmental factors, such as environmental factors, interpersonal relationships, work tasks, etc, are the direct causes of work pressure. Buddhism is the Solution to Our Current Environmental Problems The destruction of the environment is a major problem in the world today.
The exploitation of natural resources, over population, pollution and the spread of human’s impact has negatively affected the quality of the Earth.