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Agency for International Developmentwhich conducts criminal and civil investigations, financial and performance audits, reviews, and inspections of USAID activities around the Microfinance literature review.
Host-country staff normally work under one-year contracts that are renewed annually. In USAID's management approach, local staff may fill highly responsible, professional roles in program design and management.
Some are promoted to the Senior Foreign Service with extended tenure, subject to the Foreign Service's mandatory retirement age of Individuals who pass the test become candidates for the State Department's selection process, which emphasizes personal qualities in thirteen dimensions such as "Composure" and "Resourcefulness.
USAID's internal staffing is a small part of the overall human resources picture, however. A development project that USAID assists may have thousands of the developing country's own people working on it. They collaborate with Microfinance literature review leaders to design USAID's assistance and then they oversee the assistance as it is being provided.
A USAID project officer is usually directly responsible for the assistance, with support from the Mission's offices for program evaluation and reporting, contracting, and financial management.
Most USAID project officers support two or three projects, and the time of staff in support offices is also divided across several assistance projects. Their combined time dedicated to a single assistance project might add up to between one and two "full-time equivalent" staff, which is considerably less than the number of technical-assistance personnel that they monitor, and tiny compared to the country's own level of effort for the project.
Part of the reason for wanting to rebuild USAID's Foreign Service staffing has been to allow field missions to dedicate more people to supporting the development assistance they provide.
Health and Family Planning[ edit ] Examples of projects assisted by missions' Health and Family Planning offices are projects for eradication of communicable diseases, strengthening of public health systems focusing on maternal-child health including family planning services, HIV-AIDS monitoring, delivery of medical supplies including contraceptives and HIV vaccines, and coordination of Demographic and Health Surveys.
This assistance is primarily targeted to the poor majority of the population and corresponds to USAID's poverty relief objective, as well as strengthening the basis for socioeconomic development. Education[ edit ] USAID's Education offices mainly assist the national school system, emphasizing broadening coverage of quality basic education to reach the entire population.
Examples of projects often assisted by Education offices are projects for curriculum development, teacher training, and provision of improved textbooks and materials. Larger programs have included school construction.
Education offices often manage scholarship programs for training in the U. The Education office's emphasis on school access for the poor majority of the population corresponds to USAID's poverty relief objective, as well as to the socioeconomic development objective in the long term.
Environment[ edit ] Examples of projects assisted by Environment offices are projects for tropical forest conservation, protection of indigenous people's lands, regulation of marine fishing industries, pollution control, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, and helping communities adapt to climate change.
Environment assistance corresponds to USAID's objective of technical cooperation on global issues, as well as laying a sustainable basis for USAID's socioeconomic development objective in the long term.
Democracy[ edit ] Examples of projects assisted by Democracy offices are projects for the country's political institutions, including elections, political parties, legislatures, and human rights organizations.
Counterparts include the judicial sector and civil-society organizations that monitor government performance. Democracy assistance received its greatest impetus at the time of the creation of the successor states to the USSR starting in aboutcorresponding both to USAID's objective of supporting U.
Economic Growth[ edit ] Examples of projects often assisted by Economic Growth offices are projects for improvements in agricultural techniques and marketing the mission may have a specialized "Agriculture" officedevelopment of microfinance industries, streamlining of Customs administrations to accelerate growth of exporting industriesand modernization of government regulatory frameworks for industry in various sectors telecommunications, agriculture, and so forth.
Economic Growth assistance is thus quite diverse in terms of the range of sectors where it may work.
It corresponds to USAID's socioeconomic development objective and is the source of sustainable poverty reduction. Economic Growth offices also occasionally manage assistance to poverty relief projects, such as to government programs that provide "cash transfer" payments to low-income families.Dissertation sur la literature en generale de sante, barbie doing homework games, help with dissertation statistics.
home page» catalogo. catalogo sestante edizioni indice titoli assessment of access to financial capital by rural people in ghana: the case of the upper east region. Impact of Microfinance Services on Rural Women Empowerment: An Empirical Study leslutinsduphoenix.com 70 | Page.
Special issue on Microfinance Publisher: Asian Economic and Social Society Effects of Microfinance on Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) Growth in Nigeria. Microfinance is defined as the financial services offered to the poor for the purpose of promoting small-scale enterprises, and as such it is one of the most important topics in development studies and a burgeoning area in economics.
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