Tether and Bitfinex have been embroiled in controversy over the stablecoin's issuance. Notably USDTs are issued by Tether, a company connected to popular cryptocurrency exchange Bitfinex, which lost banking relationships last year, but continued to operate. After Bitfinex lost banking services, several community members started questioning whether Tethers were indeed being backed by actual dollar reserves, to the point the US Commodity Futures Trading Commission CFTC subpoenaed both companies late last year, in an attempt to find out whether said reserves exist.
The act was designed to eradicate a wide range of discriminatory practices that, by the late s, had resulted in the pervasive segregation of blacks and other minorities in ghettos in our nation's major cities.
It was enacted on April 11,just weeks after the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders released its report on racial discrimination and unrest in the United States.
Johnson appointed the advisory commission in after a series of riots took place in the ghettos of many of America's largest cities, including Los AngelesChicagoNewark, and Detroit. The president asked the commission to investigate the triggers of the riots, the deeper causes of the racial unrest, and potential remedies.
The Commission's report, known as the Kerner Report after its chairman, Illinois governor Otto Kerner, found that the primary cause of racial unrest and violence was black rage against white racism, which the report stated was largely responsible for keeping blacks segregated in ghettos.
The report concluded that America was "moving toward two societies, one black, one white—separate and unequal," noting that "white society is deeply implicated in the ghetto. White institutions created it, white institutions maintain it, and white society condones it.
The Kerner Report recommended sweeping federal initiatives to eliminate housing discrimination and improve housing opportunities for urban blacks. Congress responded by passing the Fair Housing Act. The act made many of the discriminatory practices that led to racial segregation in America's housing markets illegal.
It was, in the words of the Supreme Court in Jones v. Mayer Companya "comprehensive open housing law. The act also prohibited advertising with discriminatory preferences, and prohibited cities and counties from passing zoning laws to exclude or otherwise discriminate against minorities.
In addition, the act empowered the U. Attorney General to enforce its terms, to assist victims of discrimination, and authorized the federal courts to order the payment of damages to victims of discrimination. When enacted inthe act prohibited housing discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, and religion.
It was expanded in to prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex, and again in to prohibit discrimination based on disability and familial status.
The Fair Housing Act also made it unlawful for mortgage lenders, brokers, and others involved in real estate related transactions to discriminate against minorities: It is unlawful to discriminate against any person because of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, familial status, or disability in the terms and conditions of loans or other types of financial assistance.
A city or township could not pass a law relegating low-income housing projects to predominantly minority neighborhoods, simply because the city expected the residents of the housing projects to be minorities.
Similarly, under the act, a city could not pass a zoning ordinance that prohibited the use of private dwellings as places of religious worship. The act also required landlords of certain housing facilities to allow tenants with disabilities to make reasonable access-related modifications to their private living space, as well as to common use spaces, at the tenants' expense.
Additionally, the act required landlords to make reasonable accommodations in their policies and operations to give people with disabilities equal opportunities to use and enjoy their housing.
For example, a landlord with a "no pets" policy might have to allow an individual who is blind to keep a guide dog in the residence. The act further required that new multifamily housing with four or more dwelling units must be built to allow access for persons with disabilities.
This included accessible entrances and exits, common use areas, and doors, kitchens, and bathrooms built large enough for wheelchairs.
The Fair Housing Act applies to nearly all residential housing in the United Statesincluding mobile home parks, homeless shelters, and summer homes. Certain housing, however, is not covered by the act, including single family houses sold or rented by the owner without a broker and without advertising, owner-occupied residences with no more than four units, dwellings within a private club, and dwellings operated by religious groups in which residency is limited to members of the group.
Constitution, which grants Congress the power to regulate activities among the states, including inns and hotels catering to interstate guests. Insofar as the act prohibits racial discrimination, it is also authorized by the Thirteenth Amendmentwhich provides Congress with the power to abolish all badges and incidents of slavery in the United States.
The Supreme Court ruled in Jones v. Mayer Company that, "when racial discrimination herds men into ghettos and makes their ability to buy property turn on the color of their skin, then it Finally, as applied to housing owned, operated, or subsidized by the federal or state governments, the Fair Housing Act is authorized by the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments, in which Congress is given the power to pass laws ensuring that the federal and state governments do not deny any person the equal protection of the laws.
Fair Housing Comes of Age.FELMAN PRODUCTION, LLC SUBMITS APPLICATION WITH WEST VIRGINIA’S PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION FOR YEAR SPECIAL ELECTRIC CONTRACT The Felman site makes a significant contribution to the West Virginia economy according to a study* conducted by West Virginia University and commissioned by Felman.
late , according to the fair value model, the Euro was more undervalued than the Rand46, Experts giving evidence before the Commission disagreed about the According to a study conducted by the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) covering the month of April , trading in the Rand accounted for.
Jun 04, · A study conducted by the Australian Consumers’ Association for Choice magazine in January revealed that blackcurrant juice only constituted 5% of the product with the rest being a processed concentrate. The Food Commission in the United Kingdom has also criticised the sugar levels in regular Ribena as have several newspapers.
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