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Leave a reply Introduction A growing body of research has found that school facilities can have a profound impact on both teacher and student outcomes.
With respect to teachers, school facilities affect teacher recruitment, retention, commitment, and effort. With respect to students, school facilities affect health, behavior, engagement, learning, and growth in achievement.
Evaluation is also the process of determining the extent to which the aims and objectives are being attained. Again, the maintenance of good educational programmers and the improvement of techniques and procedures of education also require good evaluation. understanding of the validity of education in its own empirically observed specific dimensions and to help in defining appropriate strategies for. The Importance of Evaluation April Many people think of evaluation as taking a snapshot of outcomes at the end of a program to prove to a funder that it worked or failed.
Thus, researchers generally conclude that without adequate facilities and resources, it is extremely difficult to serve large numbers of children with complex needs. Of these schools, about one-third of schools had need of extensive repair or replacement and almost two-thirds had at least one inadequate building feature such as substandard plumbing, roofing, or electrical systems.
Moreover, percent had at least one unsatisfactory environmental condition such as inadequate ventilation, acoustics, or physical security. Besides general maintenance and construction issues, researchers have found most schools lack 21st century facilities in the form of infrastructure, laboratories, and instructional space.
More than half do not have sufficiently flexible instructional space for effective teaching to take place.
Thus, facility quality is an important predictor of teacher retention and student learning. The physical and emotional health of students and teachers depend on the quality of the physical location, which makes establishing safe, healthy buildings essential.
The Impact of Facilities Improving the quality of school facilities is an expensive undertaking. However, when the positive impacts of facility improvement on teachers and students are translated into dollar figures, the rewards of such investments far outstrip the cost of the investments.
There are five primary facets of school facilities: These are addressed below. Acoustics and Noise Noise levels greatly affect teacher and student performance.
In fact, excessive noise causes dis-satisfaction and stress in both teachers and students. Research has found that schools that have classrooms with less external noise are positively associated with greater student engagement and achievement compared to schools with classrooms that have noisier environments.
Thus, building schools that buffer external noise from classrooms can improve student outcomes. Air Quality Indoor air quality is also a concern because poor air quality is a major contributor to absenteeism for students with asthma.
Moreover, bacteria, viruses, and allergens that contribute to childhood disease are commonly found in schools with poor ventilation systems. Indoor pollutants are also emitted from office equipment, flooring materials, paints, adhesives, cleaning products, pesticides, and insects. All of these environmental hazards can negatively affect children, particularly in schools with poor ventilation systems.
Lighting Before the advent of cheap electricity, schools often relied on natural lighting.
As electric power costs declined, the amount of artificial light used in schools increased. Research has shown that artificial lighting has negative impacts on those in schools while natural lighting has positive impacts. In fact, research has shown that not only does classroom lighting boost the morale of teachers and students, appropriate amounts of natural lighting also reduces off-task behavior and improves test scores.
Proper Temperature and Control of Temperature One consistent research finding across individuals of all ages is that the temperature in which a person works affects engagement levels and overall productivity—including student achievement.Evaluation. What associations does this word bring to mind?
Do you see evaluation as an invaluable tool to improve your program? Or do you find it intimidating because you don't know much about it? Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease are diseases of poverty, low socioeconomic status, and inadequate access to health care.
These preventable diseases remain largely ignored by the developed world while they continue to cause significant mortality and morbidity in the developing world.
Evaluation is also the process of determining the extent to which the aims and objectives are being attained. Again, the maintenance of good educational programmers and the improvement of techniques and procedures of education also require good evaluation.
Assessment is an integral part of instruction, as it determines whether or not the goals of education are being met. Assessment affects decisions about grades, placement, advancement, instructional needs, curriculum, and, in some cases, funding. WHERE WE STAND - OUR POLICY STATEMENTS AND POSITION PAPERS The National Association of Early Childhood Specialists in State Departments of Education responds to current early childhood issues through the creation of policy statements, position papers, and planning tools which are often cited in contemporary publications.
1. Learner. Educational Psychology studies various factors which have impacts upon students, which may include home environment, social groupings, peer groups, his / her emotional sentiments, and mental hygiene etc.
Various methods are used in order to get the desired data about the learner in order to know about him / her mentality and behavior and its manifestations.