Definitions Defining philosophy is as difficult as trying to define love. The word philosophy is not much help. Philosophy is a combination of two Greek words, philein sophia, meaning lover of wisdom.
Twilight of the IdolsWestern philosophers since Socrates represent a degeneration of the natural strengths of humanity. A noble taste for heroic styles of life can only be corrupted and undermined by the interminable debates of dialectical reason.
Only perverse tenacity and cowardice, he believed, encourages us to cling to this servile morality, It would be more brave, more honest, and much more noble to cut ourselves loose and dare to live in a world without God.
In such a world, death is not to be feared, since it represents nothing more significant than the fitting conclusion of a life devoted to personal gain. All of this is, of course, a variety of nihilism.
Nietzsche insists that there are no rules for human life, no absolute values, no certainties on which to rely. If truth can be achieved at all, it can come only from an individual who purposefully disregards everything that is traditionally taken to be "important.
Nietzsche offered a quasi-historical account of the harmful consequences of traditional ethics in Zur Geneologie der Moral On the Genealogy of Morals But a "priestly" caste, motivated by their resentment of their natural superiors, generated a corrupt alternative that would appeal to "the herd" of less capable persons, turning values inside-out.
In the "slave morality" endorsed by religious establishments, Nietzsche argued, forceful action which should be admired gets labelled as "evil," while the cowardly tendency to think through everything in advance is transformed into the supposed virtue of prudence.
Genuine autonomyNietzsche maintained, could only mean freedom from all external constraints on one's behavior. In this natural and admirable state of existence, each individual human being would live a life without the artificial limits of moral obligation.
No other sanction on conduct would be necessary than the natural punishment involved in the victory of a superior person over a vanquished enemy.
But the wish of lesser people to secure themselves against interference from those who are better gives rise to a false sense of moral responsibility.
The natural fear of being overwhelmed by a superior foe becomes internalized as the self-generated sense of guilt, and individual conscience places severe limits on the normal exercize of human desire.
Thus, on Nietzsche's view, the fundamental self-betrayal of the human race is to submit its freedom to the ficticious demands of an imaginary god.
Afraid to live by the strength of our own wills, we invent religion as a way of generating and then explaining our perpetual sense of being downtrodden and defeated in life."If evil is merely deprivation of good, why should morally free agents choose it in preference to good?
If evil is the absence of good, whence comes malicious evil, deliberate rebellion?" Young, F.M.: "Insight or Incoherence: The Greek Fathers on Good and Evil.", Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 24, , p The Good and Evil of Humans A famous philosopher Socrates once said, 'the unexamined life is not worth living.' With that idea, the question 'Are Human Beings Intrinsically Evil?' has been asked by philosophers for many years.
According to Plato, “Evil acts are committed only out of ignorance. As a result it is inherently against human nature to be evil. Therefore evil cannot live in the hearts of people.” (Bates, C. ) Applying this quote to whether humans are inherently good or evil, it is .
Oct 08, · Although Rand accepted that early human life was a collective effort, she failed to realize how this shaped our brains. In most societies, for example, a man like Cephu would be seen as the opposite of a good catch for a woman wanting a partner.
Augustine said that these forms were ideas in the mind of the perfect eternal God. He said that what was required was that we love the perfect eternal God. While Plato emphasized the importance of perfecting reason and following it, Augustine emphasized the importance .
The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde can be seen at various levels. As a story, it talks about the concept of good and evil that exists in all of us. As a story, it talks about the concept of good and evil that exists in all of us.